The white settlers’ violent appropriation of Native lands was inscribed as an individual right in the Second Amendment of the Constitution, second only to freedom of speech. Male colonial settlers had long formed militias to raid and raze Indigenous communities, seizing their lands and resources. The continuing significance of that right reveals the settler-colonialist cultural roots of the United States that appear even in the present as a sacred right. Settler-militias and armed households were institutionalized for the destruction and control of Native peoples, communities, and nations. With the expansion of plantation agriculture by the late 1600s they were also used as slave patrols, forming the basis of the US police culture after chattel slavery ended. That is the inseparable other half of the settler-colonial reality that is implicit in the Second Amendment. Seventy-four percent of gun owners in the US are male, and 82 percent of gun owners are white, which means that 61 percent of adults who own guns are white men, and this group accounts for 31 percent of the total U.S. population. The top reason US Americans give for owning a gun is for protection. What are the majority of white men so afraid of?